Jerome Bruner On The Scaffolding Of Learning

Jerome Bruner’s Theory of Scaffolding is the idea that how learners learn is not by memorizing or learning in a linear fashion, but rather through trial and error. If this theory were to be applied into gaming, then games would need to provide players with opportunities for experimentation without fear of failure.

The “educational implications of bruner’s theory pdf” is a document that discusses the educational implications of Jerome Bruner’s Theory.

learning theories: Jerome Bruner on a jetty

Steve Wheeler, associate professor, Plymouth Institute of Education

In this post, we explore Jerome Bruner’s work on scaffolding learning. This is a simplified interpretation of the theory. If you want to know more, read the original articles.


Bruner’s scaffolding theory emerged around 1976 as part of the theory of social constructivism and was particularly influenced by the work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky. Vygotsky stated that we learn best in a social environment where we create meaning through interaction with others. His theory of the optimal development zone, that we can learn more in the presence of another knowledgeable person, became Bruner’s model.

Bruner believed that when children begin to learn new concepts, they need help from teachers and other adults in the form of active support. Initially they rely on the support of adults, but as they become more independent in their thinking and acquire new skills and knowledge, this support may gradually diminish. This form of structured interaction between child and adult is like the scaffolding that supports the construction of a building. It will be progressively dismantled as the work is completed.

In a very specific sense, scaffolding represents a reduction in the multitude of possibilities a child may face, allowing them to focus only on acquiring the necessary skill or knowledge. The simplified elegance of Bruner’s theory means that the framework can be applied to all sectors, all ages and all subjects of study.

How it can be used in education

It is important that teachers give children the opportunity to learn new things all the time. Some of these can be very difficult and require very focused support. Teachers should be aware of the developmental stage of each child in their care and support them accordingly.

Even if this is not possible on its own, the teacher can improvise and provide support in other ways, for example. B. by involving other adults, such as teaching assistants (paraeducators), parents, or children with more knowledge in the classroom.

As children gain confidence and skills in certain areas, teachers can group them together to build on each other’s knowledge. It is also important that teachers recognize when a child has reached the stage where they are beginning to learn independently and make the decision to no longer support the child.


Wood, D.J., Bruner, J.S., & Ross, G. (1976). The role of mentoring in problem solving. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 17(2), 89-100.

Learning theories : Jerome Bruner On The Scaffolding Of Learning by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

This article was first published on Steve’s personal blog; photo credit wikimedia.commons

Jerome Bruner’s theory of “scaffolding” is a learning theory that states that the learner needs to be given help and guidance as they progress through their learning. The learner can then move on from this scaffolding stage, and learn independently. Reference: jerome bruner theory.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Bruner scaffolding theory?


What is scaffolding learning theory?

A: Scaffolding learning theory is a psychological perspective that suggests students are motivated to learn when tasks are broken down into smaller steps. The teacher provides the step-by-step lesson in small pieces, with each student taking on one task at a time and being allowed to ask questions along the way.

What is Bruners discovery learning theory?

A: Bruners discovery learning theory is a cognitive development that studied how children learn about the world. It was developed by Jerome S. Bruner, who wanted to know what methods would best help adults teach young children through their life-long study of cognitive phenomenology and developmental psychology.

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